In over a third of male infertility cases, problems with sperm production or delivery are the cause. This can include ejaculation problems (such as low or no semen), a problem with the form and structure — or morphology — of sperm, and blockages in the tubes that carry sperm.
Those tubes may be blocked by surgery or scarring from tuberculosis or some STDs, or they can be affected by radiation or cancer treatment. They can also be blocked by a condition called varicocele.
Low Sperm Count
When sperm count is low, it decreases the chances of your sperm fertilizing your partner’s egg, making pregnancy much less likely. A low sperm count can be due to genetic, infectious, or hormonal factors. For example, some infections like mumps can leave scars that block the delicate tubes that transport sperm from the testicles to the male organ. Chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and spinal cord injuries can also interfere with sperm production. Use buy generic viagra tablets to treat ed problem and improve erection for last longer.
Some men have a low sperm count that is not due to any infection. Severe oligospermia can be due to an underlying genetic disorder like Klinefelter syndrome or other abnormalities.
Getting your sperm tested is the best way to determine what’s causing your low sperm count. Your provider may order blood tests, imaging tests, and a testicular biopsy to find the cause of your problem. Surgery can also be used to fix problems that keep sperm from being made, maturing, or being ejaculated. For instance, surgery to remove twisted, swollen veins in the scrotum called varicoceles can improve sperm count.
The testicles make sperm (male reproductive cells) in an area called the seminiferous tubules. The sperm travel for 2 to 10 days through an area of the body called the epididymis and into a muscular tube called the vas deferens. Then, during intimacy, muscular contractions force the sperm through the urethra and out of the genital (called ejaculation).
A health condition or injury may prevent the sperm from moving through the epididymis or vas deferens correctly. This is a cause of male infertility. This problem is also called azoospermia.
A man can have problems with sperm production and movement in the urethra (called ejaculation). This can be due to a genetic disease, such as Klinefelter’s syndrome or myotonic dystrophy. It can also be caused by hormone imbalances or endocrine disorders. And it can be caused by a variety of other things, such as surgery on the prostate or bladder, spinal injuries, some medications, and a variety of other conditions, such as diabetes, cirrhosis, kidney disease, and varicocele (widening of the veins that come from the testicles into the scrotum). It can even be caused by certain infections, like mumps during puberty.
A healthy sperm count and high-quality sperm are needed to fertilize an egg during intimacy. But a man’s health problems may prevent these processes from happening.
Poor quality sperm is usually caused by blockages or absences of the tubes that carry sperm (the vas deferens). But it can also be due to other causes, including erectile dysfunction, chromosomal abnormalities, hormone disorders, testicular dysplasia, and other issues.
The health problems that can interfere with sperm production and movement include hormonal disorders such as hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (problems in the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus, or the testicles), which is about 20% of male infertility; and medications such as long-term anabolic steroids, some cancer medicines, acid reflux medicines, and antidepressants.
Inheritable genetic conditions like Klinefelter syndrome (a condition where an extra Y chromosome is present) and Noonan syndrome can cause infertility, as can some rare inherited conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, myotonic dystrophy, or hemochromatosis. The symptoms of these conditions include low sperm count, painful intercourse or inability to get an erection during intimacy, and blockages of the ejaculatory duct or urethra (azoospermia). Sometimes diet or lifestyle changes can help improve fertility.
Male Infertility Treatments
In many cases, if a male has low sperm counts or abnormal semen, he will be able to become fertile with treatment. He may need to change his lifestyle or use medications. In some cases, he may also need surgery.
The first step in evaluation is a semen analysis and a physical exam. Blood tests can help determine whether hormones are causing problems with sperm. Your provider may perform an ultrasound to check the condition of the testicles and scrotum, including the blood vessels and structures inside the testes. They may also perform a biopsy to test for blockages or other problems. Visit best pharmacy online usa for more information.
A variety of surgical and nonsurgical treatments can improve fertility. For example, surgery can repair a blockage or remove an enlarged vein. Medical treatments include hormone therapy and sperm injections or artificial insemination.